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Apr-14, 1944  -  He hoisted the Indian Tricolour on the Indian soil for the first time (at Moirang in Manipur); Manipur also has an Indian National Army Memorial and also a War Museum.   
  • Born: January 23, 1897 – Cuttack, Orissa, India.
  • Died: August 18, 1945 – Taipei, Taiwan. (Debatable)
  • An Indian nationalist whose patriotism made him a Hero of India.
  • Commonly known as Netaji (Respected Leader), he was one of the most prominent and most revered Indian nationalist leaders.  
  • He attempted to gain India's independence from British rule by force during the waning years of World War II with the help of the Axis powers.  
  • He was ousted from the Indian National Congress in 1939 following differences with the more conservative high command.  
  •  Subsequently, he was placed under house arrest by the British, but he managed to escape from India in early 1941.  
  • He turned to the Axis powers for help in gaining India's independence by force.  
  • With Japanese support, he organised the Indian National Army, composed largely of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured in the Battle of Singapore by the Japanese.  
  • As the war turned against them, the Japanese came to support a number of countries to form provisional governments in the captured regions, including those in Burma, the Philippines and Vietnam, and in addition, the Provisional Government of Azad Hind, presided by Bose.  
  • Bose's effort and dream, however, was short lived. It was reported that Bose died soon thereafter from third degree burns received after attempting to escape in an overloaded Japanese plane which crashed in Taiwan, but this theory remains disputed.
  • The trials of the INA soldiers at Red Fort, Delhi, in late 1945 caused huge public response in India.
  • On March 18, 1944, under his leadership, the Indian National Army crossed the Burmese border into India for the liberation of India from the British.  
  • On January 23, 2016, about 100 Secret Classified Files about him made public by the Government of India; before this some 65 files were declassified by the Govt of West Bengal, India. More files are being gradually and periodically being declassified.
  • On February 19, 1938, he was elected Congress President at Haripura session of the Indian National Congress ( a position from which he was compelled to resign in April, 1939 due to his differences with Mahatma Gandhi).
  • On May 03, 1939 - Forward Bloc Formed On this day, All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) which emerged as a faction within the Indian National Congress in 1939, led by Subhas Chandra Bose and after independence it was re-established as an independent political party, with its main stronghold in West Bengal.
  • He was subsequently placed under house arrest by the British on July 02, 1940 before escaping from India. IN 1941 he managed to escape to Germany.
  • On December 30, 1943 - he raised the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.
  • On October 21, 1943, he established a provisional government of Free India at Singapore.  
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